Causes And Symptoms Of Low Platelet Count

Thrombocytopenia is a condition that appears when you have low platelet count. Platelets are extremely important for your overall health as they are the ones that help the blood clot. As a result of this, bleeding is stopped. While for most people this condition is not a problem, there are some who are suffering from severe thrombocytopenia; as a result of this, these people can bleed too much when injured.

If you are wondering what the causes of low platelet count are, you should know that the list is very long. While the condition can run into the family, there are all sorts of medical conditions that lead to it as well. Here is a list of some of the most common causes of low platelet count.

  • Infections- a viral infection in your body such as chickenpox or hepatitis C, sepsis, which is a severe bacterial infection in the blood or helicobacter pylori (a bacteria that lives in the digestive system) are all causes of low platelet count.
  • Medicines- especially treatments that cause side effects such as chemotherapy, drugs for seizures, drugs for heart problems and heparin (a blood thinner).
  • Blood cancers, such as lymphoma or leukemia.
  • Vitamin B9 and vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Enlarged spleen.
  • Pregnancy- up to 5% of pregnant women develop the condition during pregnancy but the levels usually get back to normal by themselves once the baby is born.

As you can see, there are all sorts of causes that lead to a low platelet count. How can you find out whether or not you are suffering from such a condition? Well, a blood test will give you an exact answer but there are a few symptoms that can give you a hint of the presence of this condition in your body. Here are some of the most common symptoms associated with low platelet count.

  • Easy bruising or excessive bruising (also known as purpura)
  • Superficial bleeding into the skin (it will look like a rash)
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • Heavy menstrual flows
  • Enlarged spleen

A lot of people are wondering if they are experiencing fatigue from low platelets after having surgery or undergoing a severe treatment. The answer is ‘’yes, this is possible’’. If you have recently undergone surgery and you still feel that you are not your normal self yet because even small tasks around the house make you feel extremely fatigued, it is probably because your platelet count hasn’t reached the normal level yet. This should get solved by itself but if you see that the situation continues for a prolonged period of time, then it is a wise idea to seek professional help and schedule an appointment with a doctor. There might be something else causing this fatigue or there might be the need of specialized intervention in order to restore the normal count of platelets, so it is important to get help as fast as possible. Luckily, efficient treatments are available, so don’t worry too much!